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Jamini Sutra Sastra by Madura Krishna Murthy Sastri

Jamini Sutra Sastra by Madura Krishna Murthy Sastri

In the science of predictive astrology, there are 3 famous system – Parasara, Jaimini and Yavana. Among them, Jamini school gives remarkable predictions using different methods from the other two:

In Yavana system, predictions are made in six ways :

  • Grahaja : Results given by planets independently – Graha Karakatwas
  • Bhavaja : Results given by bhavas independently – Bhava Karakatwas
  • Rasija : Results given by Rasis independently – Based on quality and nature of           


Graha Bhavaja : Results given by grahas because of their relationship with       Bhavas

  • Graha rasija : Results given by grahas because of their placement in rasis like Mesha etc.
  • Graha Yogaja : Results given by grahas because of their relationship with rasis and bhavas

With the help of / using the included/ involved differences among these six results, distinct rasi sila, graham sila etc results, results of Dwigraha etc yogas are provided. Rewording the same as per my understanding: (Don’t know what is Rasi sila Graha sila) By using permutations and combinations of the above six results, predictions can be made on the effects of distinct Rasi sila, Graha sila etc (?)    

Dwigrahadi yoga phala : Dwi = two

                                      Graha = planet

                                       Aadi = etc

                                      Yoga = union

                                      Phala = result

In their school / system, order of dasas is decide by the way of determining longevity (ayurdaya)

In parasara system, predictions are mainly based on bhavas (tanu etc 12 bhavas) and dasa antare. In this system, results related to the bhavas like tanu, dhanu, triteeya, chatur (fourth ) bhava  etc are determined by the relationship between grahas and bhavas and their timing is determined from the results of dasa – antardasa. In Parasara system, there are graham dasas like vimsottari, astottari, shodasottari, dwadasottari etc based on the planets viz Sun etc. While determining the Dasa, dasanayana (?) difference is determined from the time of birth of the person. Most of the time, dasa – antardasa results are predicted using vimsottari dasa.

Jamini system while absorbing the topics from the above two systems, also mentions other topics and distinct / peculiar topics / subject matters. Absorbing the rasi dasas for making predictions, it gives out the way to determine the results of Dasas. Some things that cannot be known from the above two systems can be known in their system. Though Jaimini system s also commented about in a principal / primary / root book called parasara hora sastra by Maharshi parasara, due to non availability of complete and uncontaminated version of parasara hora sastra, it is getting difficult to clearly understand the topics in this system.

In the book Kalpalatavyakhya by Somanatha Mishra, it is mentioned that Maharshi Jaimini has written a book of 8 chapters in the form of sutras. It also mentions what are all topics included in the sutra sastra. The details are as follows :

Atha bhagvaanaacharyaha  kala parignartham  ganitashaastram sootradhyaya  chatushtayam nirupya tadwaara sarveshaam jantunaamapi phalaparignaanarthamcha   prabhu ranjanrdham cha ayurgnana para loka gnana ardhamcha karaka lagna drekkana nanamsadhibhihi upadesadhyaya chatushtayam prakatikaroti Maharshi Jaimini,  the  divine incarnation, has explained mathematics (Ganita Sastra) (theory related to calculation of planets, thithi etc) in four chapters and through these four chapters has enumerated ,means to predict  good and  bad results for all lives, determine  the longevity , the knowledge about netherworlds,  prediction regarding  the lives of kings,   using   Karaka, lagna, drekkana and  navamsa .

Asmin shaastre  Prathama adhyaye sanghya  karaka pada raja yoga adi nirnayate. 

In this text – in the first chapter results on account of signs- padas- karakas-and rajayogas are indicated.

The are four sections in each chapter  beginning the fist chapter to the fourth – thus totalling  to sixteen sections (sutras).

  1. In the first chapter
  • The first section contains  35 principles   describing raasi drishtis , argala, the karakas for the soul , and arudha
  • The second section describes in 121 principles the various results  based on the karaka  planet and its aspects.
  • The third section contains 45 principles  covering dhana yoga – raja yoga  based on the arudha lagna
  • The fourth section is divided into sub sections covering the spouse, progeny, siblings, and devotion to god in 49 principles

The first chapter contains 4 section sand 250 principles- Sutras

Dwitiya adhyayetu lagna , karaka for ayurdhaya dasan visheshadihi

In the second chapter various methods are described based on lagna,karaka planets determining the longevity, timing of death, and also methods to compute the dasas- periods are mentioned

In the second chapter Somantha describes 40 ways to compute the dasa but does not say anything about the order of the dasas. For determining this he asks us to refer to  Kalidasas “Moola sastra “

Mukkula Raghava Bhatt mentions in his Ayurdaya Parichhedam the following dasa- periods while discussing longevity

  1. Hora dasa..2. Darpana Dasa. 3.Shoola Dasa. 4. Maheswara Dasa . 5. Athma Naadi dasa.6. Sthira Dasa. 7.Varna Dasa 8. Chara  Paryaya  Dasa 9.Athma bahvamsa  Dasa  Jaaya bhava   Dasa 11 Athmabhavpamsa Dasa 12  Drekkana Dasa

Somanatha enumerates the following  dasas in the second chapter

Atma Dasa 2. Chara Dasa 3 Varna Dasa . In this there are four types 4. Nakashatra Dasa 5. Navamsa Dasa 6. Sthira Dasa 7 Shoola Dasa 8 . Prakaranta Shoola Dasa 9. yoga Dasa or Yogartha dasa 10 Chara Dasa  11 Prakaraanta   Dasa 12,13 Chara Dasa 14 Karaka Dasa 15 Sthira Paryaya Dasa and two more dasas 16 Nakshatra Das bedhamu 17 Trikona dasa 18 Dirshti Dasa 19 Kendra Dasaa

In the second Chapter   methods to determine the longevity, death, longevity of father and mother are discussed in detail In the first  section of the second chapter  the persons’ longevity, timing of the dasa for the death and determining antardasa  are laid down in 60 principles. 

In the second section methods to decide the death of father, mother brother, causes for their death are mentioned in 33 sutras. 

In the third section of the second chapter the different dasas their differences, their strengths, based on the differences the death of mother and the place are discussed in 30 sutras. 

The fourth section contains the different chara dasas, dasaanayana , and determining the results  are discussed in 37 sutras. 

The first two chapters are very popular. For  these the commentaries are available written by  Nilakantha ,Krishnanada swamy , Achyutanada Jha ,Sitaram Jha  and also references are available in Venakateswaara vritti, Guru vritti, Jaimini sutraartha prakasika and Jaiminipadyaamrutham.. In English  articles published by Sri B.V. Raman are also available. In parasarahora Sastramu  material  is available in the form  of Shlokas. 

Regarding the third and fourth Chapters – we have  with  us  commentaries in Sanskrit by Nilakantha . We understand that some translation was in published in  Mumbai but we could not lay our hands. The copy  with us is copied from manuscripts  of my guru.

 Mr. B,V. Raman had published commentary  in English written by Sunil kumar Kaur of Kolkata

Somanatha has written commentary  in the book named Kalpalatha in Sanskrit .However we could not get the full text. We could   get  the third Chapter completely and  only the section 1 of the fourth chapter, The other  sections are still not available.

Somanatha has described the following   in the two chapters .

Thriteeya Adhyaye Drekkana   Vishika Rajayoga, Ayurdaya , Antaranga  Shidasayo dasanayanam , stree lakshanani cha .

In the third chapter in the first section the rajayogas related to  Drekkana, the second section covers methods of computation of sixteen types of  dasa according to the Antaranga Shastra, in the third section feminine qualities and in the fourth section  degreecal aspects, the various types of dasas, determining yogas and their destruction and  argalaa are  covered.

In the Fourth Chapter death- its circumstances , foreign travel,  matters relating to the other worlds, methods to compute 14 types of dasas are elaborated.

There are differences in the principles enumerated by Nilakanthacharya in the third and fourth chapters  between the commentary and principles  described   in the book published by Sri S.K.Kaur

There are 145 principles (sutras) in fourth  section of the third  Chapter by Nilakantha which has   no resemblance to the principles laid down by Sri S.K.Kaur.  Hence we have to doubt the correctness of the fourth  chapter by Nilakantha .

There is a similarity between those  principles laid down by  sri S..K. Kaur   in the third and fourth chapters and    book no D 13727  in the   Madras oriental manuscripts  library  Chennai.

There are differences in the meaning to the principles written by Sri S.K.Kaur and Somantha .

In Somanthas Opinion:

The third chapter covers drekkana  also known as antaranga sashtrs and  has special importance.

In the third chapter  Antharangashastra based on drekkana is described. 
The shastra based on lagna, karaka, karakansha and arudha is known bahiranga sashtra . The antharanga shastra is more  important than bahiranga shastra . Hence the third chapter gains vital importance.

Deciding The Dasas:

The second chapter   For People born with rajayoga  results must be based on the 11 dasas enumerated in the second chapter. In those only five apply  to rulers-Kings. Out of the  others dasa systems only four give  rajayogas. They are yogartha, labhadhipathisthdrekkana, bhava rahasya, mandukaavati which raja yoga results. Any of these dasa give  correct results. 

Ordinary Dasas.

Nakshatra bheda , Nakshtraja Nisarga,chara,charaparyaya,sthiraparyaya,gocharadasa are for   kings /rulers who do not have any yogas.

Dasas for determining the longevity

Brahma dasa, varna dasa, chara dasa, chara paryaya dasa are very   useful in determing longevity.

Longevity must be determined  basing the lagna, the lord of the eighth house , Chandra hora lagna, ghatika lagna  and drekkana

Important  In Determining The Bhava Phala

Lagna , Karaka, drekkana and anshakam are important. Amshakam is also known as Arudha padam.

The various lagna in determining the qualities of yoga are 1) Tripravana Lagna, 2) Sri lagna 3)Indu Lagna 4) Vilagna 5) Sri lagna  6)  Bhagadhikansh Lagna . These are main lagnas and the less important are 1. Hora Lagna 2. Ghati Lagna and Chandra Lagna.

In determining the yogas, – the stress is on the planets. In the matter of Argala lagna drashta  planet is important. Based on this Raja yogas can be decided.

He has thus described new methods. His father Krishna Misra in his Phala ratna Mala mentioning some more new methods states that he has based   all these on the system  followed by “Sarvagna Muni”. This is a very old system and teaches new techniques.

The modern methods are different from the traditional methods. As the traditional methods are destroyed it is very difficult to accurately say anything. In this are we have to get / trace old texts on ancient astrology.  Even the Jains are working in the direction.

I hope this work will be partially or entirely complete by searching the old and ancient libraries in India. 

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