(AN ANALYSIS OF THE
COMMENTARY OF SOMANATHA)
MADHURA KRISHNAMURTHI SASTRI,
COPY EDITOR: SHANMUKHA
In the last article, Sun was selected as Brahma planet and the longevity was fixed by me in the previous horoscope. Longevity according to Brahma planet does not tally with that according to Varnada dasa. A different dasa system is discussed now to belittle the ambiguity. Something more has to be discussed about Brahma planet, the matter will be considered further in relation to the views of Somanatha and Krishna Mishra. Let us take a case of birth on 8-8-1912 at 7-
(Copy Editor: As already stated in the earlier articles, Sri Madhura Krishna Murthi Sastri uses his own Ayanamsa which he came to conclusion after spending 6 months in Jantar I 306 Mantar Observatory in Rajasthan which was built in the 18th century. The chart is generated with JHora Software. For the benefit of the readers, we are giving below, the longitudes given by the
The Bramha planet for this horoscope is Sun and the other opinion of the commentators is discussed below.
Brahma Planet Calculation
prabhu bhāva vairīśaprāṇi pitṛlābhaprāṇyanucaro viṣamastho brahmā (2-1-49),
The strongest of the lords of 6th, 8th, 12th houses occupying the odd sign (Aries for example) behind the strongest of 1 and 7th is Brahma planet. This meaning was given by the recent commentators – Durgaprasada Dwivedi, Sitaram Jha and others and Nilakantha, Krishnanada Swami and others among the older commentators.
But, Raghava Bhatta, Krishna Mishra and Somanatha have separated the sutra into parts, taking the later part for defining Brahma. According to them the planet behind (counter clockwise) the stronger of 1 and 7 is Brahma planet. After considering all the authorities, Brihat Parasara Hora, Venkateswara, Nilakantha, Swami and others like Sri Krishna, Kalidasa, I have adopted Raghava Bhatta’s view and fixed Sun as the Brahma planet in this example as per sutra. “The stronger lord of 6th, 8th, and 12th signs from the Lagna or the Seventh will indicate death in its period”. In this chart, 7th is the stronger and Moon the lord of the 12th house is very strong and is in Taurus. Therefore we must consider Rasi dasas up to Taurus.
Bramha – Maheswara Dasa:
(Copy Editor: Though the author hasn’t explicitly mentioned the name of the following dasa, it is understood that this dasa is called Bramha – Maheswara Dasa. The maximum longevity will be from the Bramha planet to Maheswara Planet. The calculation of dasa years is from dasa sign to the sign occupied by the lord according to Prakriti Chakra. For example, in this chart, Moon is in Taurus and hence for Cancer sign, the dasa years will be from Cancer to Taurus counting anti zodiacally giving three years. The standard deduction of one year is not followed.)
Taurus has 10 years. Virgo antaradasa in Taurus indicates death, because it is occupied by Ketu and aspected by Rahu and happens to be the 8th from the Ascendant; the duration of 9 308 antaras (from Taurus to Virgo will be 90 months 7 years and 6 months); the total longevity will be 67 years + 7 years and 6 months = 74 years and 6 months. Here, even though the starting dasa is an even sign, the regular zodiacal order must be observed beginning from the sign occupied by Brahma for fixing the dasas; the work has been given in the previous paragraph. Other dasas like Maheswara dasa, Vidhatri dasa, etc. has been mentioned. Due to lack of details, they have not been discussed here. Somanatha suggests reference to a Mula Sasthra by Kalidasa for this purpose. In conclusion it might be suggested that the longevity extends to 72 – 73 years.
Somanatha states in his Kalpalatha that the stronger of the lords of the 8th house from Lagna and the 7th house is strong Rudra (Prani Rudra). The weaker is also Rudra but weak (Aprani Rudra). It will cause trouble to all like the deity Rudra. Start the dasa from the stronger of the two signs – Lagna and the 7th. There are four types of Rudra dasa. Death occurs in the strongest malefic Sign aspected by Rudra planet. Start from the Navamsa sign occupied by the lord of Lagna.
Take the sum (if either are odd or even) of the lords of the Lagna and the 7th sign, or the difference (if the lords of Lagna and the seventh are one odd and the other even) and find the Drekkana. Start the dasa from Drekkana rasi so obtained. (Copy Editor: It appears that the author intends to take the nature of the sign occupied by respective lords and their longitudes) Observe Chara dasa method for this Rudra dasa. Fix death in the dasa of Rudra sign or the Sign aspected by the Rudra planet according as the life is short, medium or long – whichever suits the occasion. Again another method is also considered: It is by taking the trine signs (Trikona signs) for fixing death. This is called Sula Dasa.
Fixing the Rudra planet:
According to 2 – 1 – 37, the stronger of the lords of the 8th house either from Lagna or its 7th is Rudra planet. Mercury is strong Rudra (Prani Rudra) and Jupiter is weak Rudra (Aprani Rudra). Start dasa from Lagna or its 7th whichever is the first strong (Prathama prani). (Copy Editor: Please note the usage of both of the Rudra planets, the stronger and the weaker. Though the Prani Rudra (stronger Rudra) is important Maraka, Aprani (Weaker) Rudra also is a Maraka planet in this Dasa System. The secret here is the association of benefic planets and malefic planets for Prani and Aprani Rudras respectively, is very important for their marakatwa. It must be understood that the starting sign will be the stronger of the Lagna and 7th house, not the stronger of the respective lords. Now, the author is explaining the rules of strength of signs below.) 309
Here after the strength is discussed. The first source of strength is given below. 1. First is the association with the Karaka (planet). 2. Choose sign that which has more planets. 3. Then, choose the planet in exaltation. Etc; 4. Then Natural Strength 5. Failing which the strength of respective lords. The second source of strength is the aspect by the lord, Jupiter and Mercury or their association.. The third source is the lordship. The fourth is from occupation. Somanatha has given details about this, which will be discussed later. Raghava Bhatta states that the first of the four must be used for determining the strength. So Leo sign is stronger. Start dasas from this sign Leo and end with Sign Aries which is aspected by both the Rudra planets. Since Jupiter, Mercury and Venus aspecting Aries are benefics, death will occur in the dasa of the next sign which is either associated with the malefic or aspected by them. Taurus is such a sign. So, death will occur in Taurus Sign. Let us consider the dasas from Leo to Aries:
In Taurus Mahadasa, the antaradasa of Capricorn will bring about death, as it is aspected by Mercury and Jupiter, both the Rudra planets and also by the malefic Mars. To the end of antara of Sagittarius, it is 8/12 * 10 years = 6 years and 8 months. Death occurs after the 70 years 8 months. Taking all these points into consideration, Brahma dasa method indicating 72 years may be to be fairly correct.
General guidelines to choose a dasa for a horoscope:
To give general life reading, which dasa system is to be used for this chart, is the next problem. There are a number of types of dasas. It is an elaborate affair to discuss all these dasas at length in these articles. I shall now choose only the most suitable of the dasas for consideration.
- As there are no planets in the trikona houses (1, 5, 9), Trikona Dasa is ruled out.
- For the same reason, Chara Paryaya dasa is ruled out.
- Sthira Paryaya dasa may be used by choosing the stronger of Lagna or its 7th. Seventh house Leo is strong on account of its association with 3 planets.
- Drig dasa may be applicable if there are planets in the 9th house from which dasa may be studied. This dasa is not to be used for this chart.
(Copy Editor: We request all to note down these guidelines for their study of Rasi dasas. Some recent commentators on Jaimini system opine that Trikona, Chara Paryaya and Sthira Paryaya dasas are Ayurdasas. Yet, most ancient commentators clearly state these are very important Sampat dasas. Raghava Bhatta in his Sara Sangraha states that second source of strength (aspect or conjunction of Atmakaraka, Jupiter, and Mercury) must be exclusively used for these Sampat dasas)
It is the dasa system of Navamsa Chart and starts from the sign occupied by the lord of Arudha Lagna of Rasi Chart. The Arudha Lagna of this native is placed in Leo and its lord Sun occupied Aquarius in Navamsa. Start the dasa from Aquarius and continues till the longevity is covered. Karaka, Arudha and other effects are to be studied in this dasas. We have to allot Dwara and Bahya signs for each Rasi dasa.
(Copy Editor: Since the starting dasa sign Aquarius is a fixed odd sign, dasa progresses in zodiacal 6th, 6th signs. Dwara sign is the dasa sign itself and Bahya sign is the sign obtained by counting as many signs as the dasa sign is from the starting sign. This Padanadhamsa dasa is essentially of a dasa in Navamsa chart, so the dasa years must be calculated from dasa sign to its lord using Prakriti1 Chakra in Navamsa chart only. Here standard deduction of one year is not used. It is very surprising that the author has taken one year as the dasa years for the sign occupied by its lord. See, for example, dasa years for Taurus and Virgo in the above table.)
For this native, Aquarius dasa is in operation at birth. It is aspected by Saturn and associated with the malefic Sun and Rahu. Its 7th house is associated with Ketu and waning Moon. Therefore this dasa indicates sickness. Dwara and Bahya signs are Aquarius for this dasa and as it is under the influence of malefic, severe sickness is indicated. All the twelve bhavas can be studied easily for this dasa using the Navamsa chart. Karakas for this dasa are to be fixed in the order of the planets as found in the Navamsa chart starting from Lagnadhipati Saturn.
The following table is for Aquarius dasa:
(Copy Editor: The successive karakas in the above table are found by using Graha Chakra reckoning. For example, Tanu Karaka is the lord of the dasa sign, and planet next to him in Udaya Chakra (Zodiacal) reckoning will be Dhana karaka and so on. In this reckoning, the lord of dasa sign will be Rajya Karaka again. Similarly the Karaka planets for each and every dasa sign must be calculated.)
Since karaka for father – Sun – is with Rahu, Karaka for the 8th, and occupies Janma (Starting) dasa Rasi, its lord Saturn being debilitated in this period the father of the native will be put to great difficulties; sickness will threaten the whole family. Rajyakaraka is Saturn and is debilitated; he aspects the Sun – Karaka for father – who will be subjected to some indignities. Even though the starting sign is Aquarius (It is to be treated as Lagna), as there are strong benefic planets in the three angles (Kendras), longevity is assured. This method is to be adopted in studying the effects of different dasas.
We must study the effects according to Lagna, Yogada, Vilagnadhipathi (Lord of Hora Lagna, Ghatika Lagna etc.) and select the most powerful of these for deciding the results. This is according to Krishna Mishra and others (vide Jyotisha Phala Ratnamala 7-15). In this chart, results are to be studied according to Karaka, Yogada and Arudha Lagna as they are very strong.
Tanu Bhava: Since the Atma Karaka Sun is in the Navamsa of Aquarius, the following effects are to be noted:
uccedharma nityatā kaivalyaṁ ca
(Copy Editor: According to Katapayadi numeric, धम र् = 11 (Aquarius), उ = 12 (Pisces). AK Sun is
placed in Aq and hence the danger from lake etc.)
There is danger from water in a lake or a tank; the native will be highly evolved soul and a Vedantic, not in the sense of external profession but as one practicing the doctrine of non – attachment. The results are to be studied with Karakamsa, Drekkana, Chara Karaka and Arudha Lagna also. Arudha Lagna (Leo) is strong because in Leo sign there are many planets. Either in Aquarius or Leo dasa (from 41 to 48 years), the natïve will have danger from beasts. Since Sun is the Atma Karaka and is also the lord of Arudha lagna having conjoined Rahu in Navamsa, the native’s color will be ordinary, he will be of medium height, frank, kind and generous. As Sun and Rahu are in Aquarius and as Saturn is debilitated in Navamsa, the person will have a hot constitution.
Dhana Bhava: According to Jaimini, financial prosperity and immense riches, etc; are to be studied with reference to Arudha Lagna and Drekkana. Of Karaka and Arudha Lagna, the latter is stronger. So Dhana yoga must be discussed with reference to Rasi Chakra. As there are planets in the 2nd and 11th houses from the Karaka and the position of Jupiter in the 5th house, there is Dhana Yoga. The presence of Rahu in the 9th house, there is cancellation of Dhana yoga to some extent. The native will experience want of money on some occasions. Jupiter in the 4th house from Arudha Lagna indicates ordinary Dhana yoga.
Libra dasa is the dasa when financial prosperity begins since the second and the eleventh houses from Libra have Mars, Jupiter, Moon and Ketu. Since Venus – Rajya karaka for this dasa – is in the 8th house from Libra, the Yoga for money will be ordinary. The dasa runs from 28 to 36 years.
Pisces dasa runs from 36 to 41 years, does not indicate financial prosperity. Bahya sign for this dasa is Aries. As Aries is occupied by a debilitated planet which happens to be the 2nd sign from dasa sign and as Dhana Karaka for this dasa viz,. Rahu is in the 12th, financial prosperity during the age 36 to 41 years will be ordinary.
Then, Leo Dasa commences, operates from 41 to 46 years. Bahya Sign for this is Aquarius. The Dasa sign also happens to be Arudha Lagna. For this dasa rasi, we should consider only Navamsa positions. Exalted Mercury is in the 2nd, Jupiter and mars are in the 4th, Sun and Rahu are in the 7th, Saturn in the 9th, Venus in the 10th and Moon and Ketu in dasa rasi. Dhana Karaka (for this dasa) is Saturn and he is debilitated and is in a movable sign. Because the 2nd, 4th and 10th are well fortified, considerable financial prosperity is shown in this dasa. As however Saturn a malefic is debilitated in the 9th, there cannot be excess of Bhagya Vriddi (Increase of Wealth). Vyaya Karaka (lord of loss) for this dasa is Mercury and he is in the 2nd exalted. Therefore there will be excess of expenses also. Thus should be divined from other twelve houses.